The popular messaging app Telegram has brought in so much money from a
small group of private investors that it is calling off a planned sale of
cryptocurrency to the wider investing public, according to a person familiar
with the matter.
Telegram Group Inc. has pulled in $1.7 billion by selling newly created
cryptocurrency to fewer than 200 private investors.
The startup, founded by two Russian brothers, has created a groundswell
of enthusiasm in the private markets for its next project, which it describes
as a digital payments and technology platform that will appeal to a wider
audience than established virtual currencies like bitcoin.
Telegram says it is using the money it has raised for the project,
called Telegram Open Network, to build out its technology and further redevelop
and maintain its main messenger service, which has about 200 million users
The network, which will be built using “blockchain” ledger technology,
“can become a Visa/Mastercard alternative for a new decentralized economy,” the
company noted in a 23-page description of its plans.
The fundraising effort, which took place from January to March, has made
Telegram one of the largest initial coin offerings, a fast-growing area that
has drawn both intense investor interest and regulatory concern. It also highlights the growing preference among upstarts in technology and
elsewhere to raise money in private, less-regulated markets.
Telegram hasn’t commented publicly on its offering and declined multiple
requests for comment.
Started by brothers Pavel Durov and Nikolai Durov, Telegram offers users
an encrypted platform that is free from government surveillance. It has
attracted praise from privacy advocates but concern from critics,
who say it is the preferred communications platform for terrorists,
militants and criminals.
Last year, the company outlined plans to build an online-services platform
based on blockchain. It is also launching a new cryptocurrency, called a gram,
that would operate on the platform. Cryptocurrencies are essentially digital
money in which the supply and demand are influenced by technology and
algorithms rather than by governments or other central authorities.
Telegram has argued that established virtual currencies such as bitcoin
and ether haven’t reached the mass market due to a variety of structural flaws.
With its large user base, Telegram claims it will be able to connect its
technology to a broader market.
A two-page document circulated late last year and reviewed by The Wall
Street Journal showed Telegram expected to raise about $1.2 billion, split
evenly between a private and a public round of fundraising. The document
indicated in several places that a public sale would take place in March 2018.
Instead, Telegram reported in a February Securities and Exchange
Commission filing that it raised $850 million from 81 investors in a private
deal. In March, the company said it raised another $850 million from 94
investors in a second private deal. The offerings were open only to accredited
investors, which meant participants needed to exceed income requirements or
have net worth of at least $1 million.
Telegram’s latest filing, on March 29, suggested
fundraising could be ongoing, but the person briefed on the matter said
Telegram is no longer considering a public deal open to retail investors.
It isn’t clear what drove the change. One factor might have been that
Telegram felt it had raised enough money to avoid a public deal. One person
familiar with the company said another reason is that the regulatory
environment has changed since the company first started planning the offering.
A deal open to any investors, rather than just wealthier, accredited
ones, could open up the company’s executives to more scrutiny, a timely concern
given the Securities and Exchange Commission’s recent focus on ICOs. Telegram is represented by the law firm
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, which couldn’t be reached for
The virtual currency bitcoin continues surging to new highs as a frenzy
of investors get in on the action. WSJ's Paul Vigna explains what you need to
know, and how to invest should you want to join the mania. Photo: Alexander
Hotz/The Wall Street Journal.
Pavel Durov, 33 years old, is the face of Telegram. Well-known in his
native Russia, he created VKontakte, a Facebook -like social-media website known as VK, which
today is the 17th-most-trafficked website in the world, according to Amazon’s
Alexa web rankings.
In 2013, he sold VK and used the proceeds to start Telegram. The firm’s
encrypted text-messaging service is popular with users, although it remains
controversial with some governments.
Telegram’s website describes how the firm’s executives fled Russia “due
to local IT regulations” and then moved to Berlin, Singapore and London before
settling in Dubai.
Last month, Russia, where some 7% of Telegram users live, blocked access to 18 million IP addresses in an attempt
to block Telegram in the country, after Mr. Durov refused to provide the
government with a way around the site’s encryption.
That, in a way, only bolstered the site’s popularity and Mr. Durov’s
renown. In a post on his own Telegram channel, Mr. Durov said most Russians are
getting around the ban by turning to virtual private networks and other
proxies. On April 22, he boasted that the ban hadn’t worked and encouraged his
followers to show support by throwing paper airplanes—the company’s logo—out of